The brand new extension out of cohabitation and also the deinstitutionalization out-of marriage provides paralleled alterations in statutes. Until the institutionalization out of municipal wedding, brand new Church had the personal power to get married. The brand new institutionalization regarding municipal erica dates back to the end off the newest 19th century (Quilodran 2003). Into the Colombia, the law of Marriage out-of 1853 entirely approved municipal wedding and you will waived the fresh new legal standing from canonical relationship. not, 3 years later, canonical relationships regained their legality, but just up to 1862. In 1887, Rules legalized Catholic ). No further court changes towards relationship occurred until 1974. In this seasons, Rules closed the use from civil wedding and recognized the newest municipal character off Catholic marriage ceremonies versus requiring apostasy. 2 yrs after, legislation out of Separation to have municipal marriages is actually used.
The fresh new prients out-of cohabitation occurred between 1968 and you can 2005, when numerous legislation was indeed adopted to lawfully help the security out-of cohabiting unions and also the offspring of those unions. Cecilia’s Legislation in the 1968 is the first one to regulate cohabitation. That it law established paternal courtroom identification of kids born of wedlock, offered courtroom shelter to the people children and you will dependent paternal obligation to have kids. Rules equalized the newest heredity legal rights off “legitimate” and “illegitimate” college students (Echeverry de Ferrufino 1984). Law built the newest judge concept of a great consensual relationship as a beneficial “partnership anywhere between men and you can a female you to definitely, without having to be partnered, compensate a different and permanent area out-of life.” Concurrently, so it rules regulated the home governance ranging from permanent partners: a house people is done when the de- facto marital commitment is higher than a time period of at least couple of years regarding co-residence between a person and you can a lady having otherwise without the legal impediment away from marrying. In 1991, this new Colombian Composition centered the family given that heart from people and you can additionally recognized this new legal validity from consensual unions. The latest Composition equalized brand new legal rights from and debt into children irrespective of one’s relationship reputation of the mothers. In the end, Law , and that partly modified Law , oriented more efficient procedures to verify the presence of de- facto ).
New particular census microdata come from IPUMS-International investment (Minnesota Populace Heart 2014)
Figure eight.1 files the rise for the cohabitation during the Colombia since 1973. That it profile suggests the fresh new portion of hitched women in cohabitation in respect to help you years over the last five Colombian society censuses. The fresh part of cohabitating women one of ladies in partnership decrease with years. Cohabitation is more frequent among young women than one of more mature female regardless of if cohabitation costs improved across all ages between 1973 and 2005. The fresh part of cohabitating 20-year-dated married feminine enhanced away from twenty two % to 82 % between 1973 and you will 2005, as well as for 30-year-old female, the rate improved off 20 % so you’re able to 60 %. To possess old feminine, the increase inside the cohabitation during this period is faster apparent.
These types of right back-and-forth alterations in relationship regulations instruct the latest tensions between your liberal and conventional moves for the last half of the nineteenth century
Part of married Colombian women already cohabiting by the years and you will chosen beginning cohorts in the censuses out of 1973 to help you 2005 (Source: Authors’ elaboration based on census samples off IPUMS-International)
Age character off cohabitation could be the outcome of both a get older effect or a cohort impression. A years impression perform signify due to the fact individuals years, the fresh new transition out of cohabitation in order to relationship gets to be more likely. A great cohort impression implies that with each the latest generation entering the matrimony industry, cohabitation is more widespread rather than do always decrease given that women decades. Versus compatible longitudinal studies, it is difficult to include a definitive respond to away from and this impact was more powerful. not, just like the an indirect aspect, we are able to follow cohorts through the years playing with more censuses. The latest dotted contours in the Fig. seven.step 1 represent several cohorts of females from the year away from birth. The results indicate a very steady/flat ages trend but at the some other profile with respect to the 12 months from beginning. Cohabitation is significantly higher one of more youthful cohorts than simply among more mature of them. Cohabitation one of partnered female born during the 1955 has actually remained anywhere between 29 and you may 33 % anywhere between decades 18 and ages 31 Sveitsin naiset marrage. Of women created within the 1967, 56 % were cohabiting at years 26 and you may forty-eight % on age 38. This type of results render clear service into cohort impact: given that most of female out of confirmed cohort keeps registered into an excellent commitment (within up to ages 29), cohabitation stays secure within old many years. This suggests your years pattern we to see from the cross-sectional have a look at is just the consequence of the necessity of cohabitation whenever these types of feminine was indeed younger and you may stepping into unions.